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Huahua's Tech Road

花花酱 LeetCode 1739. Building Boxes

You have a cubic storeroom where the width, length, and height of the room are all equal to n units. You are asked to place n boxes in this room where each box is a cube of unit side length. There are however some rules to placing the boxes:

  • You can place the boxes anywhere on the floor.
  • If box x is placed on top of the box y, then each side of the four vertical sides of the box y must either be adjacent to another box or to a wall.

Given an integer n, return the minimum possible number of boxes touching the floor.

Example 1:

Input: n = 3
Output: 3
Explanation: The figure above is for the placement of the three boxes.
These boxes are placed in the corner of the room, where the corner is on the left side.

Example 2:

Input: n = 4
Output: 3
Explanation: The figure above is for the placement of the four boxes.
These boxes are placed in the corner of the room, where the corner is on the left side.

Example 3:

Input: n = 10
Output: 6
Explanation: The figure above is for the placement of the ten boxes.
These boxes are placed in the corner of the room, where the corner is on the back side.

Constraints:

  • 1 <= n <= 109

Solution: Geometry

Step 1: Build a largest pyramid that has less then n cubes, whose base area is d*(d+1) / 2
Step 2: Build a largest triangle with cubes left, whose base area is l, l*(l + 1) / 2 >= left

Time complexity: O(n^(1/3))
Space complexity: O(1)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 1738. Find Kth Largest XOR Coordinate Value

You are given a 2D matrix of size m x n, consisting of non-negative integers. You are also given an integer k.

The value of coordinate (a, b) of the matrix is the XOR of all matrix[i][j] where 0 <= i <= a < m and 0 <= j <= b < n (0-indexed).

Find the kth largest value (1-indexed) of all the coordinates of matrix.

Example 1:

Input: matrix = [[5,2],[1,6]], k = 1
Output: 7
Explanation: The value of coordinate (0,1) is 5 XOR 2 = 7, which is the largest value.

Example 2:

Input: matrix = [[5,2],[1,6]], k = 2
Output: 5
Explanation: The value of coordinate (0,0) is 5 = 5, which is the 2nd largest value.

Example 3:

Input: matrix = [[5,2],[1,6]], k = 3
Output: 4
Explanation: The value of coordinate (1,0) is 5 XOR 1 = 4, which is the 3rd largest value.

Example 4:

Input: matrix = [[5,2],[1,6]], k = 4
Output: 0
Explanation: The value of coordinate (1,1) is 5 XOR 2 XOR 1 XOR 6 = 0, which is the 4th largest value.

Constraints:

  • m == matrix.length
  • n == matrix[i].length
  • 1 <= m, n <= 1000
  • 0 <= matrix[i][j] <= 106
  • 1 <= k <= m * n

Solution: DP

Similar to 花花酱 LeetCode 304. Range Sum Query 2D – Immutable

xor[i][j] = matrix[i][j] ^ xor[i – 1][j – 1] ^ xor[i – 1][j] ^ xor[i][j- 1]

Time complexity: O(mn)
Space complexity: O(mn)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 1737. Change Minimum Characters to Satisfy One of Three Conditions

You are given two strings a and b that consist of lowercase letters. In one operation, you can change any character in a or b to any lowercase letter.

Your goal is to satisfy one of the following three conditions:

  • Every letter in a is strictly less than every letter in b in the alphabet.
  • Every letter in b is strictly less than every letter in a in the alphabet.
  • Both a and b consist of only one distinct letter.

Return the minimum number of operations needed to achieve your goal.

Example 1:

Input: a = "aba", b = "caa"
Output: 2
Explanation: Consider the best way to make each condition true:
1) Change b to "ccc" in 2 operations, then every letter in a is less than every letter in b.
2) Change a to "bbb" and b to "aaa" in 3 operations, then every letter in b is less than every letter in a.
3) Change a to "aaa" and b to "aaa" in 2 operations, then a and b consist of one distinct letter.
The best way was done in 2 operations (either condition 1 or condition 3).

Example 2:

Input: a = "dabadd", b = "cda"
Output: 3
Explanation: The best way is to make condition 1 true by changing b to "eee".

Constraints:

  • 1 <= a.length, b.length <= 105
  • a and b consist only of lowercase letters.

Solution: Brute Force

Time complexity: O(26*(m+n))
Space complexity: O(1)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 1736. Latest Time by Replacing Hidden Digits

You are given a string time in the form of hh:mm, where some of the digits in the string are hidden (represented by ?).

The valid times are those inclusively between 00:00 and 23:59.

Return the latest valid time you can get from time by replacing the hidden digits.

Example 1:

Input: time = "2?:?0"
Output: "23:50"
Explanation: The latest hour beginning with the digit '2' is 23 and the latest minute ending with the digit '0' is 50.

Example 2:

Input: time = "0?:3?"
Output: "09:39"

Example 3:

Input: time = "1?:22"
Output: "19:22"

Constraints:

  • time is in the format hh:mm.
  • It is guaranteed that you can produce a valid time from the given string.

Solution 1: Brute Force

Enumerate all possible clock in reverse order and find the first matching one.

Time complexity: O(1)
Space complexity: O(1)

C++

Solution 2: Rules

Using rules, fill from left to right.

Time complexity: O(1)
Space complexity: O(1)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 1735. Count Ways to Make Array With Product

You are given a 2D integer array, queries. For each queries[i], where queries[i] = [ni, ki], find the number of different ways you can place positive integers into an array of size ni such that the product of the integers is ki. As the number of ways may be too large, the answer to the ith query is the number of ways modulo 109 + 7.

Return an integer array answer where answer.length == queries.length, and answer[i] is the answer to the ith query.

Example 1:

Input: queries = [[2,6],[5,1],[73,660]]
Output: [4,1,50734910]
Explanation: Each query is independent.
[2,6]: There are 4 ways to fill an array of size 2 that multiply to 6: [1,6], [2,3], [3,2], [6,1].
[5,1]: There is 1 way to fill an array of size 5 that multiply to 1: [1,1,1,1,1].
[73,660]: There are 1050734917 ways to fill an array of size 73 that multiply to 660. 1050734917 modulo 109 + 7 = 50734910.

Example 2:

Input: queries = [[1,1],[2,2],[3,3],[4,4],[5,5]]
Output: [1,2,3,10,5]

Constraints:

  • 1 <= queries.length <= 104
  • 1 <= ni, ki <= 104

Solution1: DP

let dp(n, k) be the ways to have product k of array size n.
dp(n, k) = sum(dp(n – 1, i)) where i is a factor of k and i != k.
base case:
dp(0, 1) = 1, dp(0, *) = 0
dp(i, 1) = C(n, i)
e.g.
dp(2, 6) = dp(1, 1) + dp(1, 2) + dp(1, 3)
= 2 + 1 + 1 = 4
dp(4, 4) = dp(3, 1) + dp(3, 2)
= dp(3, 1) + dp(2, 1)
= 4 + 6 = 10

Time complexity: O(sum(k_i))?
Space complexity: O(sum(k_i))?

C++