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花花酱 LeetCode 1594. Maximum Non Negative Product in a Matrix

You are given a rows x cols matrix grid. Initially, you are located at the top-left corner (0, 0), and in each step, you can only move right or down in the matrix.

Among all possible paths starting from the top-left corner (0, 0) and ending in the bottom-right corner (rows - 1, cols - 1), find the path with the maximum non-negative product. The product of a path is the product of all integers in the grid cells visited along the path.

Return the maximum non-negative product modulo 109 + 7If the maximum product is negative return -1.

Notice that the modulo is performed after getting the maximum product.

Example 1:

Input: grid = [[-1,-2,-3],
               [-2,-3,-3],
               [-3,-3,-2]]
Output: -1
Explanation: It's not possible to get non-negative product in the path from (0, 0) to (2, 2), so return -1.

Example 2:

Input: grid = [[1,-2,1],
               [1,-2,1],
               [3,-4,1]]
Output: 8
Explanation: Maximum non-negative product is in bold (1 * 1 * -2 * -4 * 1 = 8).

Example 3:

Input: grid = [[1, 3],
               [0,-4]]
Output: 0
Explanation: Maximum non-negative product is in bold (1 * 0 * -4 = 0).

Example 4:

Input: grid = [[ 1, 4,4,0],
               [-2, 0,0,1],
               [ 1,-1,1,1]]
Output: 2
Explanation: Maximum non-negative product is in bold (1 * -2 * 1 * -1 * 1 * 1 = 2).

Constraints:

  • 1 <= rows, cols <= 15
  • -4 <= grid[i][j] <= 4

Solution: DP

Use two dp arrays,

dp_max[i][j] := max product of matrix[0~i][0~j]
dp_min[i][j] := min product of matrix[0~i][0~j]

Time complexity: O(m*n)
Space complexity: O(m*n)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 1593. Split a String Into the Max Number of Unique Substrings

Given a string s, return the maximum number of unique substrings that the given string can be split into.

You can split string s into any list of non-empty substrings, where the concatenation of the substrings forms the original string. However, you must split the substrings such that all of them are unique.

substring is a contiguous sequence of characters within a string.

Example 1:

Input: s = "ababccc"
Output: 5
Explanation: One way to split maximally is ['a', 'b', 'ab', 'c', 'cc']. Splitting like ['a', 'b', 'a', 'b', 'c', 'cc'] is not valid as you have 'a' and 'b' multiple times.

Example 2:

Input: s = "aba"
Output: 2
Explanation: One way to split maximally is ['a', 'ba'].

Example 3:

Input: s = "aa"
Output: 1
Explanation: It is impossible to split the string any further.

Constraints:

  • 1 <= s.length <= 16
  • s contains only lower case English letters.

Solution: Brute Force

Try all combinations.
Time complexity: O(2^n)
Space complexity: O(n)

Iterative/C++

DFS/C++

花花酱 LeetCode 1592. Rearrange Spaces Between Words

You are given a string text of words that are placed among some number of spaces. Each word consists of one or more lowercase English letters and are separated by at least one space. It’s guaranteed that text contains at least one word.

Rearrange the spaces so that there is an equal number of spaces between every pair of adjacent words and that number is maximized. If you cannot redistribute all the spaces equally, place the extra spaces at the end, meaning the returned string should be the same length as text.

Return the string after rearranging the spaces.

Example 1:

Input: text = "  this   is  a sentence "
Output: "this   is   a   sentence"
Explanation: There are a total of 9 spaces and 4 words. We can evenly divide the 9 spaces between the words: 9 / (4-1) = 3 spaces.

Example 2:

Input: text = " practice   makes   perfect"
Output: "practice   makes   perfect "
Explanation: There are a total of 7 spaces and 3 words. 7 / (3-1) = 3 spaces plus 1 extra space. We place this extra space at the end of the string.

Example 3:

Input: text = "hello   world"
Output: "hello   world"

Example 4:

Input: text = "  walks  udp package   into  bar a"
Output: "walks  udp  package  into  bar  a "

Example 5:

Input: text = "a"
Output: "a"

Constraints:

  • 1 <= text.length <= 100
  • text consists of lowercase English letters and ' '.
  • text contains at least one word.

Solution: Simulation

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(n) -> O(1)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 1591. Strange Printer II

There is a strange printer with the following two special requirements:

  • On each turn, the printer will print a solid rectangular pattern of a single color on the grid. This will cover up the existing colors in the rectangle.
  • Once the printer has used a color for the above operation, the same color cannot be used again.

You are given a m x n matrix targetGrid, where targetGrid[row][col] is the color in the position (row, col) of the grid.

Return true if it is possible to print the matrix targetGrid, otherwise, return false.

Example 1:

Input: targetGrid = [[1,1,1,1],[1,2,2,1],[1,2,2,1],[1,1,1,1]]
Output: true

Example 2:

Input: targetGrid = [[1,1,1,1],[1,1,3,3],[1,1,3,4],[5,5,1,4]]
Output: true

Example 3:

Input: targetGrid = [[1,2,1],[2,1,2],[1,2,1]]
Output: false
Explanation: It is impossible to form targetGrid because it is not allowed to print the same color in different turns.

Example 4:

Input: targetGrid = [[1,1,1],[3,1,3]]
Output: false

Constraints:

  • m == targetGrid.length
  • n == targetGrid[i].length
  • 1 <= m, n <= 60
  • 1 <= targetGrid[row][col] <= 60

Solution: Dependency graph

For each color C find the maximum rectangle to cover it. Any other color C’ in this rectangle is a dependency of C, e.g. C’ must be print first in order to print C.

Then this problem reduced to check if there is any cycle in the dependency graph.

e.g.
1 2 1
2 1 2
1 2 1
The maximum rectangle for 1 and 2 are both [0, 0] ~ [2, 2]. 1 depends on 2, and 2 depends on 1. This is a circular reference and no way to print.

Time complexity: O(C*M*N)
Space complexity: O(C*C)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 1590. Make Sum Divisible by P

Given an array of positive integers nums, remove the smallest subarray (possibly empty) such that the sum of the remaining elements is divisible by p. It is not allowed to remove the whole array.

Return the length of the smallest subarray that you need to remove, or -1 if it’s impossible.

subarray is defined as a contiguous block of elements in the array.

Example 1:

Input: nums = [3,1,4,2], p = 6
Output: 1
Explanation: The sum of the elements in nums is 10, which is not divisible by 6. We can remove the subarray [4], and the sum of the remaining elements is 6, which is divisible by 6.

Example 2:

Input: nums = [6,3,5,2], p = 9
Output: 2
Explanation: We cannot remove a single element to get a sum divisible by 9. The best way is to remove the subarray [5,2], leaving us with [6,3] with sum 9.

Example 3:

Input: nums = [1,2,3], p = 3
Output: 0
Explanation: Here the sum is 6. which is already divisible by 3. Thus we do not need to remove anything.

Example 4:

Input: nums = [1,2,3], p = 7
Output: -1
Explanation: There is no way to remove a subarray in order to get a sum divisible by 7.

Example 5:

Input: nums = [1000000000,1000000000,1000000000], p = 3
Output: 0

Constraints:

  • 1 <= nums.length <= 105
  • 1 <= nums[i] <= 109
  • 1 <= p <= 109

Solution: HashTable + Prefix Sum

Very similar to subarray target sum.

Basically, we are trying to find a shortest subarray that has sum % p equals to r = sum(arr) % p.

We use a hashtable to store the last index of the prefix sum % p and check whether (prefix_sum + p – r) % p exists or not.

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(n)

C++

Python3