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花花酱 LeetCode 1192. Critical Connections in a Network

There are n servers numbered from 0 to n-1 connected by undirected server-to-server connections forming a network where connections[i] = [a, b] represents a connection between servers a and b. Any server can reach any other server directly or indirectly through the network.

critical connection is a connection that, if removed, will make some server unable to reach some other server.

Return all critical connections in the network in any order.

Example 1:

Input: n = 4, connections = [[0,1],[1,2],[2,0],[1,3]]
Output: [[1,3]]
Explanation: [[3,1]] is also accepted.

Constraints:

  • 1 <= n <= 10^5
  • n-1 <= connections.length <= 10^5
  • connections[i][0] != connections[i][1]
  • There are no repeated connections.

Solution: Tarjan

Time complexity: O(v+e)
Space complexity: O(v+e)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 1191. K-Concatenation Maximum Sum

Given an integer array arr and an integer k, modify the array by repeating it k times.

For example, if arr = [1, 2] and k = 3 then the modified array will be [1, 2, 1, 2, 1, 2].

Return the maximum sub-array sum in the modified array. Note that the length of the sub-array can be 0 and its sum in that case is 0.

As the answer can be very large, return the answer modulo 10^9 + 7.

Example 1:

Input: arr = [1,2], k = 3
Output: 9

Example 2:

Input: arr = [1,-2,1], k = 5
Output: 2

Example 3:

Input: arr = [-1,-2], k = 7
Output: 0

Constraints:

  • 1 <= arr.length <= 10^5
  • 1 <= k <= 10^5
  • -10^4 <= arr[i] <= 10^4

Solution: DP

This problem can be reduced to maxSubarray.
If k < 3: return maxSubarray(arr * k)
ans1 = maxSubarray(arr * 1)
ans2 = maxSubarray(arr * 2)
ans = max([ans1, ans2, ans2 + sum(arr) * (k – 2)])

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(1)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 1190. Reverse Substrings Between Each Pair of Parentheses

Given a string s that consists of lower case English letters and brackets. 

Reverse the strings in each pair of matching parentheses, starting from the innermost one.

Your result should not contain any bracket.

Example 1:

Input: s = "(abcd)"
Output: "dcba"

Example 2:

Input: s = "(u(love)i)"
Output: "iloveu"

Example 3:

Input: s = "(ed(et(oc))el)"
Output: "leetcode"

Example 4:

Input: s = "a(bcdefghijkl(mno)p)q"
Output: "apmnolkjihgfedcbq"

Constraints:

  • 0 <= s.length <= 2000
  • s only contains lower case English characters and parentheses.
  • It’s guaranteed that all parentheses are balanced.

Solution: Stack

Use a stack of strings to track all the active strings.
Iterate over the input string:
1. Whenever there is a ‘(‘, push an empty string to the stack.
2. Whenever this is a ‘)’, pop the top string and append the reverse of it to the new stack top.
3. Otherwise, append the letter to the string on top the of stack.

Once done, the (only) string on the top of the stack is the answer.

Time complexity: O(n^2)
Space complexity: O(n)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 1189. Maximum Number of Balloons

Given a string text, you want to use the characters of text to form as many instances of the word “balloon” as possible.

You can use each character in text at most once. Return the maximum number of instances that can be formed.

Example 1:

Input: text = "nlaebolko"
Output: 1

Example 2:

Input: text = "loonbalxballpoon"
Output: 2

Example 3:

Input: text = "leetcode"
Output: 0

Constraints:

  • 1 <= text.length <= 10^4
  • text consists of lower case English letters only.

Solution: HashTable

Use a hashtable to count the occurrence of each letter and find the bottleneck one.

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(1)

C++

花花酱 LeetCode 1187. Make Array Strictly Increasing

Given two integer arrays arr1 and arr2, return the minimum number of operations (possibly zero) needed to make arr1 strictly increasing.

In one operation, you can choose two indices 0 <= i < arr1.length and 0 <= j < arr2.length and do the assignment arr1[i] = arr2[j].

If there is no way to make arr1 strictly increasing, return -1.

Example 1:

Input: arr1 = [1,5,3,6,7], arr2 = [1,3,2,4]
Output: 1
Explanation: Replace 5 with 2, then arr1 = [1, 2, 3, 6, 7].

Example 2:

Input: arr1 = [1,5,3,6,7], arr2 = [4,3,1]
Output: 2
Explanation: Replace 5 with 3 and then replace 3 with 4. arr1 = [1, 3, 4, 6, 7].

Example 3:

Input: arr1 = [1,5,3,6,7], arr2 = [1,6,3,3]
Output: -1
Explanation: You can't make arr1 strictly increasing.

Constraints:

  • 1 <= arr1.length, arr2.length <= 2000
  • 0 <= arr1[i], arr2[i] <= 10^9

Solution: DP

Time complexity: O(mn)
Space complexity: O(mn) -> O(m + n)

C++