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花花酱 LeetCode 1591. Strange Printer II

There is a strange printer with the following two special requirements:

  • On each turn, the printer will print a solid rectangular pattern of a single color on the grid. This will cover up the existing colors in the rectangle.
  • Once the printer has used a color for the above operation, the same color cannot be used again.

You are given a m x n matrix targetGrid, where targetGrid[row][col] is the color in the position (row, col) of the grid.

Return true if it is possible to print the matrix targetGrid, otherwise, return false.

Example 1:

Input: targetGrid = [[1,1,1,1],[1,2,2,1],[1,2,2,1],[1,1,1,1]]
Output: true

Example 2:

Input: targetGrid = [[1,1,1,1],[1,1,3,3],[1,1,3,4],[5,5,1,4]]
Output: true

Example 3:

Input: targetGrid = [[1,2,1],[2,1,2],[1,2,1]]
Output: false
Explanation: It is impossible to form targetGrid because it is not allowed to print the same color in different turns.

Example 4:

Input: targetGrid = [[1,1,1],[3,1,3]]
Output: false


  • m == targetGrid.length
  • n == targetGrid[i].length
  • 1 <= m, n <= 60
  • 1 <= targetGrid[row][col] <= 60

Solution: Dependency graph

For each color C find the maximum rectangle to cover it. Any other color C’ in this rectangle is a dependency of C, e.g. C’ must be print first in order to print C.

Then this problem reduced to check if there is any cycle in the dependency graph.

1 2 1
2 1 2
1 2 1
The maximum rectangle for 1 and 2 are both [0, 0] ~ [2, 2]. 1 depends on 2, and 2 depends on 1. This is a circular reference and no way to print.

Time complexity: O(C*M*N)
Space complexity: O(C*C)


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