Press "Enter" to skip to content

Given the array prices where prices[i] is the price of the ith item in a shop. There is a special discount for items in the shop, if you buy the ith item, then you will receive a discount equivalent to prices[j] where j is the minimum index such that j > i and prices[j] <= prices[i], otherwise, you will not receive any discount at all.

Return an array where the ith element is the final price you will pay for the ith item of the shop considering the special discount.

Example 1:

Input: prices = [8,4,6,2,3]
Output: [4,2,4,2,3]
Explanation:
For item 0 with price=8 you will receive a discount equivalent to prices=4, therefore, the final price you will pay is 8 - 4 = 4.
For item 1 with price=4 you will receive a discount equivalent to prices=2, therefore, the final price you will pay is 4 - 2 = 2.
For item 2 with price=6 you will receive a discount equivalent to prices=2, therefore, the final price you will pay is 6 - 2 = 4.
For items 3 and 4 you will not receive any discount at all.


Example 2:

Input: prices = [1,2,3,4,5]
Output: [1,2,3,4,5]
Explanation: In this case, for all items, you will not receive any discount at all.


Example 3:

Input: prices = [10,1,1,6]
Output: [9,0,1,6]


Constraints:

• 1 <= prices.length <= 500
• 1 <= prices[i] <= 10^3

## Solution 1: Simulation

Time complexity: O(n^2)
Space complexity: O(1)

## Solution 2: Monotonic Stack

Use a stack to store monotonically increasing items, when the current item is cheaper than the top of the stack, we get the discount and pop that item. Repeat until the current item is no longer cheaper or the stack becomes empty.

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(n)

index version

## C++

If you like my articles / videos, donations are welcome.

Buy anything from Amazon to support our website 