# Posts tagged as “subarray”

Given a binary array nums, you should delete one element from it.

Return the size of the longest non-empty subarray containing only 1’s in the resulting array.

Return 0 if there is no such subarray.

Example 1:

Input: nums = [1,1,0,1]
Output: 3
Explanation: After deleting the number in position 2, [1,1,1] contains 3 numbers with value of 1's.

Example 2:

Input: nums = [0,1,1,1,0,1,1,0,1]
Output: 5
Explanation: After deleting the number in position 4, [0,1,1,1,1,1,0,1] longest subarray with value of 1's is [1,1,1,1,1].

Example 3:

Input: nums = [1,1,1]
Output: 2
Explanation: You must delete one element.

Example 4:

Input: nums = [1,1,0,0,1,1,1,0,1]
Output: 4


Example 5:

Input: nums = [0,0,0]
Output: 0


Constraints:

• 1 <= nums.length <= 10^5
• nums[i] is either 0 or 1.

## Solution 1: DP

Preprocess:
l[i] := longest 1s from left side ends with nums[i], l[i] = nums[i] + nums[i] * l[i – 1]
r[i] := longest 1s from right side ends with nums[i], r[i] = nums[i] + nums[i] * r[i + 1]

Use each node as a bridge (ignored), the total number of consecutive 1s = l[i – 1] + r[i + 1].

ans = max{l[i-1] + r[i +1]}
Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(n)

## Solution 2: DP

dp[i][0] := longest subarray ends with nums[i] has no ones.
dp[i][0] := longest subarray ends with nums[i] has 1 one.
if nums[i] == 1:
dp[i][0] = dp[i – 1][0] + 1
dp[i][1] = dp[i – 1][1] + 1
if nums[i] == 0:
dp[i][0] = 0
dp[i][1] = dp[i – 1][0] + 1
Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(n) -> O(1)

## Solution 3: Sliding Window

Maintain a sliding window l ~ r s.t sum(num[l~r]) >= r – l. There can be at most one 0 in the window.
ans = max{r – l} for all valid windows.

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(1)

## C++

Given an array of integers arr and an integer target.

You have to find two non-overlapping sub-arrays of arr each with sum equal target. There can be multiple answers so you have to find an answer where the sum of the lengths of the two sub-arrays is minimum.

Return the minimum sum of the lengths of the two required sub-arrays, or return -1 if you cannot find such two sub-arrays.

Example 1:

Input: arr = [3,2,2,4,3], target = 3
Output: 2
Explanation: Only two sub-arrays have sum = 3 ([3] and [3]). The sum of their lengths is 2.


Example 2:

Input: arr = [7,3,4,7], target = 7
Output: 2
Explanation: Although we have three non-overlapping sub-arrays of sum = 7 ([7], [3,4] and [7]), but we will choose the first and third sub-arrays as the sum of their lengths is 2.


Example 3:

Input: arr = [4,3,2,6,2,3,4], target = 6
Output: -1
Explanation: We have only one sub-array of sum = 6.


Example 4:

Input: arr = [5,5,4,4,5], target = 3
Output: -1
Explanation: We cannot find a sub-array of sum = 3.


Example 5:

Input: arr = [3,1,1,1,5,1,2,1], target = 3
Output: 3
Explanation: Note that sub-arrays [1,2] and [2,1] cannot be an answer because they overlap.


Constraints:

• 1 <= arr.length <= 10^5
• 1 <= arr[i] <= 1000
• 1 <= target <= 10^8

## Solution: Sliding Window + Best so far

1. Use a sliding window to maintain a subarray whose sum is <= target
2. When the sum of the sliding window equals to target, we found a subarray [s, e]
3. Update ans with it’s length + shortest subarray which ends before s.
4. We can use an array to store the shortest subarray which ends before s.

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(n)

## C++

Given an array of integers arr and two integers k and threshold.

Return the number of sub-arrays of size k and average greater than or equal to threshold.

Example 1:

Input: arr = [2,2,2,2,5,5,5,8], k = 3, threshold = 4
Output: 3
Explanation: Sub-arrays [2,5,5],[5,5,5] and [5,5,8] have averages 4, 5 and 6 respectively. All other sub-arrays of size 3 have averages less than 4 (the threshold).


Example 2:

Input: arr = [1,1,1,1,1], k = 1, threshold = 0
Output: 5


Example 3:

Input: arr = [11,13,17,23,29,31,7,5,2,3], k = 3, threshold = 5
Output: 6
Explanation: The first 6 sub-arrays of size 3 have averages greater than 5. Note that averages are not integers.


Example 4:

Input: arr = [7,7,7,7,7,7,7], k = 7, threshold = 7
Output: 1


Example 5:

Input: arr = [4,4,4,4], k = 4, threshold = 1
Output: 1


Constraints:

• 1 <= arr.length <= 10^5
• 1 <= arr[i] <= 10^4
• 1 <= k <= arr.length
• 0 <= threshold <= 10^4

## Solution: Sliding Window

1. Window size = k
2. Maintain the sum of the window
3. Check sum >= threshold * k

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(1)

## C++

Given an array of integers, return the maximum sum for a non-empty subarray (contiguous elements) with at most one element deletion. In other words, you want to choose a subarray and optionally delete one element from it so that there is still at least one element left and the sum of the remaining elements is maximum possible.

Note that the subarray needs to be non-empty after deleting one element.

Example 1:

Input: arr = [1,-2,0,3]
Output: 4
Explanation: Because we can choose [1, -2, 0, 3] and drop -2, thus the subarray [1, 0, 3] becomes the maximum value.

Example 2:

Input: arr = [1,-2,-2,3]
Output: 3
Explanation: We just choose [3] and it's the maximum sum.


Example 3:

Input: arr = [-1,-1,-1,-1]
Output: -1
Explanation: The final subarray needs to be non-empty. You can't choose [-1] and delete -1 from it, then get an empty subarray to make the sum equals to 0.


Constraints:

• 1 <= arr.length <= 10^5
• -10^4 <= arr[i] <= 10^4

Solution: DP

First, handle the special case: all numbers are negative, return the max one.

s0 = max subarray sum ends with a[i]
s1 = max subarray sum ends with a[i] with at most one deletion

whenever s0 or s1 becomes negative, reset them to 0.

Time complexity: O(n)
Space complexity: O(1)

## C++

iven two integer arrays A and B, return the maximum length of an subarray that appears in both arrays.

Example 1:

Input:
A: [1,2,3,2,1]
B: [3,2,1,4,7]
Output: 3
Explanation:
The repeated subarray with maximum length is [3, 2, 1].


Note:

1. 1 <= len(A), len(B) <= 1000
2. 0 <= A[i], B[i] < 100

## Solution: DP

dp[i][j] := max length of (A[0:i], B[0:j])

dp[i][j] = dp[i – 1][j – 1] + 1 if A[i-1] == B[j-1] else 0

Time complexity: O(m*n)
Space complexity: O(m*n) -> O(n)