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Posts published in “Data Structure”

花花酱 LeetCode 677. Map Sum Pairs

https://leetcode.com/problems/map-sum-pairs/description/

Problem:

Implement a MapSum class with insert, and sum methods.

For the method insert, you’ll be given a pair of (string, integer). The string represents the key and the integer represents the value. If the key already existed, then the original key-value pair will be overridden to the new one.

For the method sum, you’ll be given a string representing the prefix, and you need to return the sum of all the pairs’ value whose key starts with the prefix.

Example 1:

Idea:

Prefix tree



Solution 1

Solution 2:

with std::unique_ptr

 

花花酱 LeetCode 381. Insert Delete GetRandom O(1) – Duplicates allowed

https://leetcode.com/problems/insert-delete-getrandom-o1-duplicates-allowed/description/

Problem:

Design a data structure that supports all following operations in average O(1) time.

Note: Duplicate elements are allowed.

  1. insert(val): Inserts an item val to the collection.
  2. remove(val): Removes an item val from the collection if present.
  3. getRandom: Returns a random element from current collection of elements. The probability of each element being returned is linearly related to the number of same value the collection contains.

Idea:

Hashtable + array

Solution:

 

Java

 

Related Problems:

花花酱 LeetCode 380. Insert Delete GetRandom O(1)

Problem:

Design a data structure that supports all following operations in average O(1) time.

  1. insert(val): Inserts an item val to the set if not already present.
  2. remove(val): Removes an item val from the set if present.
  3. getRandom: Returns a random element from current set of elements. Each element must have the same probability of being returned.

 

Idea:

Hashtable + array

Time complexity:

O(1)

 

Solution:

 

Related Problems:

花花酱 LeetCode 460. LFU Cache

Problem:

Design and implement a data structure for Least Frequently Used (LFU) cache. It should support the following operations: get and put.

get(key) – Get the value (will always be positive) of the key if the key exists in the cache, otherwise return -1.
put(key, value) – Set or insert the value if the key is not already present. When the cache reaches its capacity, it should invalidate the least frequently used item before inserting a new item. For the purpose of this problem, when there is a tie (i.e., two or more keys that have the same frequency), the least recently used key would be evicted.

Follow up:
Could you do both operations in O(1) time complexity?

Example:

Idea:
Hashtable + balanced search tree
Hashtable + double linked list
Solution 1: O(logc) c is the capacity

Solution 2: O(1)

 

花花酱 LeetCode 295. Find Median from Data Stream O(logn) + O(1)

Problem:

Median is the middle value in an ordered integer list. If the size of the list is even, there is no middle value. So the median is the mean of the two middle value.

Examples:

[2,3,4] , the median is 3

[2,3], the median is (2 + 3) / 2 = 2.5

Design a data structure that supports the following two operations:

  • void addNum(int num) – Add a integer number from the data stream to the data structure.
  • double findMedian() – Return the median of all elements so far.

For example:

 

Idea:

  1. Min/Max heap
  2. Balanced binary search tree

Time Complexity:

add(num): O(logn)

findMedian(): O(logn)

Solution1:

 

Solution 2:

 

Related Problems